An interest group of
Singapore Institute of Management






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C&L Manual (Old)

Project 1: Ice Breaker

Project 1: Ice Breaker

-                      to begin speaking before an audience.

-                      to discover speaking skills you already have and skills that need some attention.

-                      4 to 6 minutes

-                    to begin speaking before an audience.

-                    to help you understand what areas require particular emphasis in your speaking development.

-                    to introduce yourself to your fellow Club members.

Project 2: Organize Your Speech

Project 2: Speak With Sincerity

-                      select an appropriate outline which allows listeners to easily follow and understand your speech.

-                      make your message clear, with supporting material directly contributing to that message.

-                      use appropriate transitions when moving from one idea to another.

-                      create a strong opening and conclusion.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to convince the audience of your earnestness, sincerity and conviction on a subject you thoroughly understand.

-                    to confront and control any nervousness you may have.


Project 3: Get To The Point

Project 3: Organize Your Speech

-                      select a speech topic and determine its general and specific purposes.

-                      organize the speech in a manner that best achieves those purposes.

-                      ensure the beginning, body and conclusion reinforce the purposes.

-                      project sincerity and conviction and control any nervousness you may feel.

-                      strive not to use notes.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to organize your thoughts into a logical sequence that leads the audience to a clearly defined goal.

-                    to build a speech outline that includes an opening, body and conclusion.

Project 4: How To Say It

Project 4: Show What You Mean

-                      select the right words and sentence structure to communicate your ideas clearly, accurately and vividly.

-                      use rhetorical devices to enhance and emphasize ideas

-                      eliminate jargon and unnecessary words, use correct grammar.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to learn the value of gestures and body movements as part of a speech.

-                    to explore the different ways of using body language.

-                    to develop a sense of timing and natural, smooth body movement.

Project 5: Your Body Speaks

Project 5: Vocal Variety

-                      use stance, movement, gestures, facial expressions and eye contact to express your message and achieve your speech’s purpose.

-                      make your body language smooth and natural.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to explore the use of voice, volume, pitch, rate and quality as assets to your speaking.

-                    to achieve a pleasing natural voice quality when speaking.

Project 6: Vocal Variety

Project 6: Work With Words

-                      use voice volume, pitch, rate and quality to reflect and add meaning and interest to your message.

-                      use pauses to enhance your message.

-                      use vocal variety smoothly and naturally.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to select precisely the right words required to communicate your ideas clearly and vividly.

-                    to avoid lengthy words and sentences and jargon.


Project 7: Research Your Topic

Project 7: Apply Your Skills

-                      collect information about your topic from numerous sources.

-                      carefully support your points and opinions with specific facts, examples and illustrations gathered through research.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to bring together and apply the communication skills you have learned in the preceding projects.

-                    to organize your speech in logical manner, following one of the suggested outlines.

-                    to research the facts needed to support your speech.

-                    to make a personal evaluation of your progress.

Project 8: Get Comfortable With Visual Aids

Project 8: Add Impact To Your Speech

-                      select visual aids that are appropriate for your message and audience.

-                      use visual aids correctly with ease and confidence.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to learn the value of props in speaking.

-                    to learn how to use props effectively in your presentations.

Project 9: Persuade With Power

Project 9: Persuade With Power

-                      persuade listeners to adopt your viewpoint or ideas or to take some action.

-                      appeal to the audience’s interests.

-                      use logic and emotion to support your position.

-                      avoid using notes.

-                      5 to 7 minutes

-                    to present a talk that persuades the audience to accept your proposal or viewpoint.

-                    to achieve this persuasive effect by appealing to the audience’s self-interest, building a logical foundation for agreement and arousing emotional commitment of your cause.

Project 10: Inspire Your Audience

Project 10: Inspire Your Audience

-                      to inspire the audience by appealing to noble motives and challenging the audience to achieve a higher level of beliefs or achievement.

-                      appeal to the audience’s needs and emotions, using stories, anecdotes and quotes to add drama.

-                      avoid using notes.

-                      8 to 10 minutes

-                    to understand the mood and feelings of your audience on a particular occasion.

-                    to put those feelings into words and inspire the audience, using all the techniques you have learned so far.







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